The Qur'an contains not one verse about creation being
based on evolution.
While it has been scientifically proven that
the magnificent design apparent in all living and non-living
things in the universe could not have come about by the blind
forces of nature and chance, some people nevertheless claim
that there is indeed a Creator, but that He created life through
an evolutionary process.
It is evident that God, the Almighty, created
the whole universe and life. It is His decision whether creation
should be instantaneous or by stages. We can only understand
how it happened by means of the information God has given
us (in other words, from the verses of the Qur'an), and the
scientific evidence apparent in nature.
When we look at these two sources,
we see no case for "creation by evolution."
God has revealed many verses in the Qur'an which
deal with the creation of man, life, and the universe. None
of these verses contains any information about creation through
evolution. In other words, not one verse indicates that living
things came about by evolving from one another. On the contrary,
it is revealed in those verses that life and the universe
were brought into being by God's command "Be!"
Scientific discoveries have also revealed that
"creation by means of evolution" is out of the question. The
fossil record shows that different species emerged not by
evolving from one another, but independently, suddenly, and
with all their individual structures. In other words, creation
is different for every species.
If there were such a thing as "creation by means
of evolution," we should be able to see the proof of it today.
God has created everything in a particular order, within a
framework of causes and laws. For instance, it is most certainly
God Who makes ships float on water. However, when we look
for the cause of this, we see that it is the creation of the
supporting power of water. It is nothing other than the might
of God that allows birds to fly. In fact, when we examine
how it happens, we find the laws of aerodynamics. For this
reason, if life had been created by a process of various stages,
there would obviously be systems that provide the laws and
advances in genetics to explain it. Furthermore, other physical,
chemical, and biological laws would be known. There would
be proof from laboratory research to show that one living
species could turn into another. Yet again, it should be possible
thanks to that research to develop enzymes, hormones, and
similar molecules that a species lacks in order to bring advantages
to it. In addition, it would be possible to create new organelles
and structures that the living thing in question had never
Lobster fossils from the Ordovician
Age: they are no different from living lobsters. (right)
110-million-year-old fish fossils from the Santana fossil
bed in Brazil. (left)
Laboratory studies would be able to show examples
of creatures that had been mutated and actually benefited
from the process. We would furthermore see that these mutations
could be passed on to subsequent generations and actually
become a part of the species. Then again, there would be millions
of fossils of intermediate forms that had lived in the past,
and there would be living things in our time that had not
yet completed their transition processes. In short, there
should be countless examples of such a process.
However, there is not a single piece of evidence
that one species transmutates into another. As we have already
seen, fossil data show that living species emerged all at
once, with no ancestors behind them. In the same way as this
fact destroys the theory of evolution, which claims that life
came about by chance, it also shows the scientific invalidity
of the claim that God brought life into being and then it
evolved by stages.
God created living things in a supernatural way,
by the single command "Be!" Modern science confirms this fact,
and proves that living things emerged suddenly on the Earth.
Those who support the idea that "It is possible
that God created living things by means of evolution" are
actually trying to build "reconciliation" between creation
and Darwinism. They are making a fundamental mistake, however.
They are missing the basic logic of Darwinism and the kind
of philosophy it serves. Darwinism does not consist of the
concept of the transmutation of species. It is actually an
attempt to explain the origin of living species by material
factors alone. To put it another way, it tries to gain acceptance
for the claim that living things are the product of nature,
by giving it a scientific veneer. There can be no "common
ground" between that naturalistic philosophy and a belief
in God. It is a grave error in an effort to seek to find such
common ground, to cede ground to Darwinism, and to agree with
the false claim that it is a scientific theory. As 150 years
of history have shown, Darwinism is the backbone of materialist
philosophy and atheism, and no search for common ground will
ever change the fact.