mentioned that there is incredibly comprehensive information
contained in the DNA of living things. Something as small
as a hundred thousandth of a millimeter across contains a
sort of "data bank" that specifies all the physical details
of the body of a living thing. Moreover, the body also contains
a system that reads this information, interprets it and carries
out "production" in line with it. In all living cells, the
information in the DNA is "read" by various enzymes, and proteins
are produced. This system makes possible the production of
millions of proteins every second, of just the required type
for just the places where they are needed in our bodies. In
this way, dead eye cells are replaced by living ones, and
old blood cells by new ones.
At this point, let us consider the claim of materialism:
Is it possible that the information in DNA could be reduced
to matter, as materialists suggest? Or, in other words, can
it be accepted that DNA is merely a collection of matter,
and the information it contains came about as a result of
the random interactions of such pieces of matter?
All the scientific research, experiments and
observations carried out in the twentieth century show that
the answer to this question is a definite "No." The director
of the German Federal Physics and Technology Institute, Prof.
Werner Gitt, has this to say on the issue:
A coding system always
entails a nonmaterial intellectual process. A physical matter
cannot produce an information code. All experiences show
that every piece of creative information represents some
mental effort and can be traced to a personal idea-giver
who exercised his own free will, and who is endowed with
an intelligent mind.... There is no known law of
nature, no known process and no known sequence of events
which can cause information to originate by itself in matter...385
It is impossible for the information inside DNA to have
emerged by chance and natural processes.
Werner Gitt's words summarize the conclusions
of "information theory," which has been developed
in the last 50 years, and which is accepted as a part of thermodynamics.
Information theory investigates the origin and nature of the
information in the universe. The conclusion reached by information
theoreticians as a result of long studies is that "Information
is something different from matter. It can never be reduced
to matter. The origin of information and physical matter must
be investigated separately."
For instance, let us think of the source of a
book. A book consists of paper, ink, and the information it
contains. Paper and ink are material elements. Their source
is again matter: Paper is made of cellulose, and ink of various
chemicals. However, the information in the book is nonmaterial,
and cannot have a material source. The source of the information
in each book is the mind of the person who wrote it.
Moreover, this mind determines how the paper
and ink will be used. A book initially forms in the mind of
the writer. The writer builds a chain of logic in his mind,
and orders his sentences. As a second step, he puts them into
material form, which is to say that he translates the information
in his mind into letters, using a pen, a typewriter or a computer.
Later, these letters are printed in a publishing house, and
take the shape of a book made up of paper and ink.
We can therefore state this general conclusion:
If physical matter contains information, then that matter
must have been designed by a mind that possessed the information
in question. First there is the mind. That mind translates
the information it possesses into matter, which constitutes
the act of design.
Gitt, In the Beginning Was Information, CLV, Bielefeld, Germany,
pp. 107, 141. (emphasis added)