(Homo neanderthalensis ) were human beings who suddenly
appeared 100,000 years ago in Europe, and who disappeared,
or were assimilated by mixing with other races, quietly but
quickly 35,000 years ago. Their only difference from modern
man is that their skeletons are more robust and their cranial
capacity slightly bigger.
Neanderthals were a human race, a fact which
is admitted by almost everybody today. Evolutionists have
tried very hard to present them as a "primitive species,"
yet all the findings indicate that they were no different
from a "robust" man walking on the street today. A prominent
authority on the subject, Erik Trinkaus, a paleoanthropologist
from New Mexico University, writes:
of Neanderthal skeletal remains with those of modern humans
have shown that there is nothing in Neanderthal anatomy
that conclusively indicates locomotor, manipulative, intellectual,
or linguistic abilities inferior to those of modern humans.202
Many contemporary researchers define Neanderthal
man as a subspecies of modern man, and call him Homo sapiens
On the other hand, the fossil
record shows that Neanderthals possessed an advanced culture.
One of the most interesting examples of this is a fossilized
flute made by Neanderthal people. This flute, made from the
thighbone of a bear, was found by the archaeologist Ivan Turk
in a cave in northern Yugoslavia in July 1995. Musicologist
Bob Fink then analyzed it. Fink proved that this flute, thought
by radio-carbon testing to be between 43,000 and 67,000 years
old, produced four notes, and that it had half and full tones.
This discovery shows that Neanderthals used the seven-note
scale, the basic formula of western music. Fink, who examined
the flute, states that "the distance between the second and
third holes on the old flute is double that between the third
and fourth." This means that the first distance represents
a full note, and the distance next to it a half note. Fink
says, "These three notes Ö are inescapably diatonic and will
sound like a near-perfect fit within any kind of standard
diatonic scale, modern or antique," thus revealing that Neanderthals
were people with an ear for and knowledge of music.203
A HUMAN RACE
To the side is shown the Homo
sapiens neanderthalensis Amud I skull, found in
Israel. The owner is estimated to have been 1.80 meters
tall. Its brain capacity is as big as that found today:
1,740 cc. Beneath, are shown a fossil skeleton from
the Neanderthal race, and a stone tool believed to have
been used by its owner. This and similar discoveries
show that Neanderthals were a genuine human race who
vanished over time.
Some other fossil discoveries
show that Neanderthals buried their dead, looked after their
sick, and used necklaces and similar adornments.204
needle: This interesting find shows that Neanderthals
had the knowledge to make clothing tens of thousands
of years ago
(D. Johanson, B. Edgar, From Lucy to Language,
A Neanderthal flute made from bone.
Calculations made from this artifact have shown that
the holes were made to produce correct notes, in other
words that this was an expertly designed instrument.Above
can be seen researcher Bob Fink's calculations regarding
the flute.Contrary to evolutionist propaganda, discoveries
such as this show that Neanderthal people were civilized,
not primitive cavemen
(The AAAS Science News Service, "Neanderthals Lived
Harmoniously," April 3, 1997).
A 26,000-year-old sewing needle,
proved to have been used by Neanderthal people, was also found
during fossil excavations. This needle, which is made of bone,
is exceedingly straight and has a hole for the thread to be
passed through.205 People who wear clothing
and feel the need for a sewing needle cannot be considered
The best research into the
Neanderthals' tool-making abilities is that of Steven L. Kuhn
and Mary C. Stiner, professors of anthropology and archaeology,
respectively, at the University of New Mexico. Although these
two scientists are proponents of the theory of evolution,
the results of their archaeological research and analyses
show that the Neanderthals who lived in caves on the coast
of southwest Italy for thousands of years carried out activities
that required as complex a capacity for thought as modern-day
Kuhn and Stiner found a number of tools in these
caves. The discoveries were of sharp, pointed cutting implements,
including spearheads, made by carefully chipping away layers
at the edges of the flint. Making sharp edges of this kind
by chipping away layers is without a doubt a process calling
for intelligence and skill. Research has shown that one of
the most important problems encountered in that process is
breakages that occur as a result of pressure at the edge of
the stones. For this reason, the individual carrying out the
process has to make fine judgments of the amount of force
to use in order to keep the edges straight, and of the precise
angle to strike at, if he is making an angled tool.
Margaret Conkey from the University of California
explains that tools made in periods before the Neanderthals
were also made by communities of intelligent people who were
fully aware of what they were doing:
discoveries show that Neanderthals had no "primitive"
features as compared to us and were a human race,
the evolutionist prejudices regarding them continue
unabated. Neanderthal man is still sometimes described
as an "ape man" in some evolutionist museums, as shown
in the picture to the side. This is an indication
how Darwinism rests on prejudice and propaganda, not
on scientific discoveries.
If you look at the things
archaic humans made with their hands, Levallois cores and
so on, that's not a bumbling king of thing. They had an
appreciation of the material they were working with, an
understanding of their world.207
In short, scientific discoveries
show that Neanderthals were a human race no different from
us on the levels of intelligence and dexterity. This race
either disappeared from history by assimilating and mixing
with other races, or became extinct in some unknown manner.
But they were definitely not "primitive" or "half-ape."
202 Erik Trinkaus,
"Hard Times Among the Neanderthals," Natural History,
vol. 87, December 1978, p. 10; R. L. Holloway, "The Neanderthal
Brain: What Was Primitive," American Journal of Physical
Anthropology Supplement, vol. 12, 1991, p. 94. (emphasis
203 "Neandertals Lived Harmoniously," The
AAAS Science News Service, April 3, 1997.
204 Ralph Solecki, Shanidar, The First
Flower People, Knopf, New York, 1971, p. 196; Paul G.
Bahn and Jean Vertut, Images in the Ice, Windward,
Leichester, 1988, p. 72.
205 D. Johanson, B. Edgar, From Lucy
to Language, p. 99.
206 S. L. Kuhn, "Subsistence, Technology,
and Adaptive Variation in Middle Paleolithic Italy," American
Anthropologist, vol. 94, no. 2, March 1992, pp. 309-310.
207 Roger Lewin, The Origin of Modern
Humans, Scientific American Library, New York, 1993,