of evolution hypothesizes that single-celled plant-like creatures,
whose origins it is unable to explain, came in time to form
algae. The origin of algae goes back to very remote times.
So much so, that fossil algae remains from 3.1 to 3.4 million
years old have been found. The interesting thing is that there
is no structural difference between these extraordinarily
ancient living things and specimens living in our own time.
An article published in Science News says:
Both blue-green algae
and bacteria fossils dating back 3.4 billion years have
been found in rocks from S. Africa. Even more intriguing,
the pleurocapsalean algae turned out to be almost identical
to modern pleurocapsalean algae at the family and possibly
even at the generic level.
The German biologist Hoimar von Ditfurth makes
this comment on the complex structure of so-called "primitive"
The oldest fossils so
far discovered are objects fossilized in minerals which
belong to blue green algae, more than 3 billion years old.
No matter how primitive they are, they still represent rather
complicated and expertly organized forms of life.342
Evolutionary biologists consider that the algae
in question gave rise over time to other marine plants and
moved to the land some 450 million years ago. However, just
like the scenario of animals moving from water onto the land,
the idea that plants moved from water to the land is another
fantasy. Both scenarios are invalid and inconsistent. Evolutionist
sources usually try to gloss over the subject with such fantastical
and unscientific comments as "algae in some way moved onto
the land and adapted to it." But there are a large number
of obstacles that make this transition quite impossible. Let
us have a short look at the most important of them.
1- The danger of drying out: For a plant
which lives in water to be able to live on land, its surface
has first of all to be protected from water loss. Otherwise
the plant will dry out. Land plants are provided with special
systems to prevent this from happening. There are very important
details in these systems. For example, this protection must
happen in such a way that important gases such as oxygen and
carbon dioxide are able to leave and enter the plant freely.
At the same time, it is important that evaporation be prevented.
If a plant does not possess such a system, it cannot wait
millions of years to develop one. In such a situation, the
plant will soon dry up and die.
2- Feeding: Marine plants take the water
and minerals they need directly from the water they are in.
For this reason, any algae which tried to live on land would
have a food problem. They could not live without resolving
3- Reproduction: Algae, with their short
life span, have no chance of reproducing on land, because,
as in all their functions, algae also use water to disperse
their reproductive cells. In order to be able to reproduce
on land, they would need to possess multicellular reproductive
cells like those of land plants, which are covered by a protective
layer of cells. Lacking these, any algae which found themselves
on land would be unable to protect their reproductive cells
Free-swimming algae in the ocean
4- Protection from oxygen: Any algae which
arrived on land would have taken in oxygen in a decomposed
form up until that point. According to the evolutionists'
scenario, now they would have to take in oxygen in a form
they had never encountered before, in other words, directly
from the atmosphere. As we know, under normal conditions the
oxygen in the atmosphere has a poisoning effect on organic
substances. Living things which live on land possess systems
which stop them being harmed by it. But algae are marine plants,
which means they do not possess the enzymes to protect them
from the harmful effects of oxygen. So, as soon as they arrived
on land, it would be impossible for them to avoid these effects.
Neither is there any question of their waiting for such a
system to develop, because they could not survive on land
long enough for that to happen.
There is yet another reason why the claim that
algae moved from the ocean to the land inconsistent-namely,
the absence of a natural agent to make such a transition necessary.
Let us imagine the natural environment of algae 450 million
years ago. The waters of the sea offer them an ideal environment.
For instance, the water isolates and protects them from extreme
heat, and offers them all kinds of minerals they need. And,
at the same time, they can absorb the sunlight by means of
photosynthesis and make their own carbohydrates (sugar and
starch) by carbon dioxide, which dissolves in the water. For
this reason, there is nothing the algae lack in the ocean,
and therefore no reason for them to move to the land, where
there is no "selective advantage" for them, as the evolutionists
All of this shows that the evolutionist
hypothesis that algae emerged onto the land and formed land
plants is completely unscientific.
Von Ditfurth, Im Amfang War Der Wasserstoff (In the
Beginning Was Hydrogen), p. 199.